Kolkata previously known as Calcutta has been inhabited for over two millennia. The city’s documented history, however, begins with the arrival of the British East India Company in 1690. Kolkata was named the capital of British India in 1772 till 1911 when the capital was shifted to New Delhi. Richard Wellesley, the Governor General between 1797–1805, was largely responsible for its public architecture which led to the description of Kolkata as “The City of Palaces”.
Kolkata became a centre of the Indian independence ovement, especially revolutionary organisations. today this vibrating metropolis with a unique character. Home to St. Mother Teresa and Satyajit Ray, Dominique Lapierre contributed to it’s world wide fame with his book “City of Joy”.