Kargil, the headquarter of Kargil district, was a transit point of caravans on their way to and from China, Tibet, Yarken and Kashmir till 1949. Tourists travelling between Zangskar, Leh and Srinagar make a night halt here before commencing their onward journey the next day. Kargil is located on the bank of the Suru River, which flows at around 10, 000 ft. A majority of the population of this region were Buddhists till the 14th century AD. Kargil is now majorly inhabited by Muslims of the Shia sect.