Perched along the Vindhya ranges at an altitude of 2,000 ft, Mandu, with its natural defences, was originally the fort-capital of the Parmar rulers of Malwa. Towards the end of the 13th century, it came under the sway of the Sultans of Malwa . Its rulers built exquisite palaces like the Jahaz and Hindola Mahals, ornamental canals, baths and pavilions as graceful and refined as those times of peace and plenty. Each of Mandu’s structures is an architectural gem; some are outstanding like the massive Jami Masjid and Hoshang Shah’s Tomb. The glory of Mandu lives on, in its palaces and mosques, in legends and songs, chronicled for posterity.