Allahabad is one of the sacred cities of Hinduism and also one of the oldest in India. The city was formerly called Prayag. Allahabad stands on the confluence of India’s two of the holiest rivers, the Ganga and the Yamuna.
The great Mughal Emperor Akbar visited Prayag in 1575 and founded a new city by the name of Illahabas, which has now become modern Allahabad. The city was an important cantonment during the British period of India and has some beautiful remnants of colonial architecture. The Allahabad University was the foremost centre for learning in the early 20th century.