According to mythology, Chitradurga was the kingdom of the demon Hidimba. The famous battle between Hidimba and Bhima of the Mahabharatha fame is said to have taken place here.

The present name of the city of Chitradurga, meaning the picturesque Fort is comparatively a modern one. The population of the City is about 90,000.

Chitradurga is one of the important historical centers in Karnataka with numerous temples and caves.