Nagarhole is clothed by moist as well as dry deciduous forests. The moist forests are dense, the upper canopy reaching 30 m. These forests are the home of valuable timber like teak and rosewood. This forest is the finest home for the Asian elephant. Besides elephant there are gaur, sambar, chital, muntjac mouse deer, four horned antelope, wild boar, pangolin, porcupine, giant squirrel, flying squirrel, slender loris, sloth bear, dhole or the Asiatic wild dog and of course tiger and leopard. The forest is rich in bird life and some of the rare birds found are Malabar trogon, great black woodpecker, India pitta, Malabar pied hornbill, Malabar whistling thrush and the green imperial pigeon.