The Sun temple of Modhera is one of the finest examples of Indian temple architecture of its period. Built in 1026 AD, the temple is dedicated to the Sun God, Surya and stands high on a plinth overlooking a deep stone-steped tank. Every inch of the edifice, both inside and outside, is magnificently carved with gods and goddesses, birds, beasts and flowers. The inner sanctum which housed the presiding deity faces east and was so designed that at the solar equinoxes the first rays of the rising sun lit up the images of Surya.