Extending in a linear arragement, the 34 caves and monasteries of Ellora comprise Buddhist Chaityas (shrines),and Viharas(monasteries), together with some of the finest Hindu and Jain temples from the 5th to the 11th century AD.
Ellora, unlike the Ajanta caves, was never ‘rediscovered’ . Known as Verul in ancient times , it has continuously attracted pilgrims since early times to the present day. The earliest excavation here is of the Dhumar Lena (cave29), while the most imposing excavation is that of the Kailasa Temple (cave16), which is the largest monolithic structure in the world. The Jains caves are dedicated to Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism and the Tirthankaras, or teachers, worshipped by the Jains.